You can consult a family doctor for various issues – if you feel symptoms of a cold, flu, or fever, if you want to get a certificate of incapacity for work, or buy prescription drugs. You must also consult a family doctor to see any other specialist in another field. The family doctor performs health checks for school, work, driver’s license and issues certificates. Consult a family doctor after the birth of a child and don’t forget to visit a prophylactic once a year to check your health.
The Nefrida clinic provides the following personal health care services free of charge (they are paid for by the TLK):
Paid personal health care services are provided at the Nefrida clinic when:
When repeating blood tests and in order to obtain the most accurate results, it is advised to perform them at the same time of day and in the same laboratory.
Urine (morning) is collected in a wide-necked plastic disposable container. Before collecting urine, you need:
It is not recommended for women to perform a urine test during menstruation, but 2-3 days after it. It is necessary to deliver the urine sample to the laboratory for examination within 2 hours.
Feces are collected in a clean, dry plastic container with a screw-on lid. Feces (5-15 g), without impurities of urine, are taken from several places. Name and surname are written on the container.
Clinical material samples from the genitals for sexually transmitted infections:
It depends on whether there is more good or bad cholesterol in the blood. If there is more of the bad, there is a risk of developing atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, stroke, and blood circulation may be impaired in the long run. If the level of bad cholesterol in the blood is too high, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of fatty products and fats of animal origin.
Cholesterol is reduced by fiber-containing products, probiotics, omega-3 vitamins, fish, vitamin C, garlic, and medications. The best method is chosen by a cardiologist.
Normal arterial blood pressure (BP) is 120 mm Hg and 80 mm, the normal limits are 140/90 mm Hm 90/60 to 90/60 mm. Only a cardiologist can tell you the best way to control it, so consult a specialist first, because he will decide what kind of treatment you need. Unfortunately, high and uncontrolled blood pressure eventually leads to various cardiovascular diseases.
First of all, this is indicated by an irregular, changed heart rhythm. Then the patient feels weak, cannot tolerate physical exertion, and gets short of breath. Short-term heart rhythm disturbances caused by stress and emotions go away on their own.
If you notice that your child is tired more often than usual, complains of pain in the chest area, dizziness, lack of air, has difficulty tolerating physical exertion and does not gain weight – we recommend that you make an appointment with a cardiologist to find out the causes of these ailments.
Simply explain to the child that you need to visit the doctor, who will check how the heart is working. It will be a completely painless procedure, there is no need to be afraid of it.
To identify various diseases, laboratory tests and echocardiography are usually performed. For older children, a physical exercise test called veloergometry is performed.
An increased level of glucose in the mother’s body also enters the bloodstream of the fetus. Pregnant women with diabetes are more likely to have a caesarean section during delivery, and the risk of developing diabetes after delivery increases. However, under the care of specialists, a woman can give birth to a completely healthy child and avoid further complications.
When the activity of the thyroid gland is activated, the symptoms that are characteristic of other diseases also appear. The patient becomes more sensitive, mood changes often, hand tremors are bothersome, heart palpitations appear, sweating more, weight changes. An endocrinologist can accurately assess these symptoms and prescribe treatment.
Nodules in the thyroid gland can form quite often, in most cases they are harmless. However, if you notice them, it is worth visiting an endocrinologist.
Sea cabbage is very useful for the thyroid gland, as it contains important substances: iodine, trace elements, vitamins A, B, D and B.
A urologist is a universal specialist who treats both men and women. For men, a urologist diagnoses bladder and urinary tract problems, the prostate, solves problems of hormonal imbalance and infertility, and problems of sex life.
In women, a urologist usually treats kidney stones, inflammation in the urinary tract, sexually transmitted infections, malignant or benign tumors of the urinary tract, excessive urination or urinary incontinence.
A pediatric urologist helps when children have urinary problems – problems with the bladder or ureters. A pediatric urologist also deals with genital development problems, advises on hernias, benign and malignant changes, and conducts research.
The test is painless. In most cases, it is enough to urinate in a urine collection container to be tested for sexually transmitted diseases. Urine is tested for the presence of any sexually transmitted disease DNA.
Consult a urologist if you notice that you are urinating more often than usual, feel pain in the pelvic area, feel a burning or stinging sensation or notice other symptoms in the genital area. Also, if you feel pain during sexual intercourse, there are erectile dysfunctions or suspicions of contracting a sexually transmitted disease.
Recurrent eye inflammations can signal autoimmune diseases, yet undiagnosed infections. When observing certain changes in the eyes (for example, blood clots), we recommend conducting tests for diabetes and hypertension.
Most often it is a deterioration of vision, a decrease in brightness, repeated signs of eye inflammation, soreness of the eyes that is not related to their fatigue, dryness of the eyes without the help of moisturizing eye drops. If symptoms persist, we recommend making an appointment with an ophthalmologist.
If you have caught your eye or a foreign body has entered it, you must immediately consult a doctor, because in ophthalmology, these disorders are recorded as major eye injuries. If left untreated, vision may deteriorate. In the first few hours after experiencing the injury, there is the greatest chance of restoring quality vision.
You should take regular breaks from computer and phone screens (at least every 20 minutes), use moisturizing eye drops when they become dry or when the climate conditions change. If your vision worsens, check whether you need glasses.
We advise adults to have their eyes checked every 1-2 years. The eyes should be checked for the first time when the child is one year old, the second time – when the child is 3-4 years old, and the third time – before school.
If you have a prolonged runny nose, sore throat or ears, hoarseness and these symptoms do not go away within 7-10 days.
Chronic sinusitis manifests itself with the following symptoms: long-term stuffy nose, difficulty in breathing through the nose, severe weakening or complete disappearance of the sense of smell, headache in the forehead and cheekbones. Symptoms persist for more than 12 weeks.
Most often, a persistent sore throat can be a sign of several things: gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), which occurs when stomach acids irritate the lining of the throat, or irregular breathing that dries out the mouth.
Ear pain signals the onset of inflammation. It is not difficult to treat uncomplicated acute otitis media – it is enough to take painkillers, and the painful ear can be warmed with salt or semolina compresses. If the pain worsens and does not go away, consult a doctor.
A psychologist is a non-medically trained specialist who advises on various topics and examines the patient’s inner experiences, while a psychiatrist is a doctor who can diagnose mental illnesses, prescribe treatment, and prescribe medication.
During the psychiatrist’s consultation, the doctor together with the patient tries to reach a common decision – to find out whether psychotherapeutic treatment is needed.
These can be various behavioral disorders, when it becomes more difficult to work, communicate, engage in hobbies, suffer from insomnia, bad mood, loss of appetite, feeling of fear and anxiety inside, the quality of life deteriorates.
The symptoms of depression are different for each person. You are usually in a bad mood, the activities you used to enjoy seem pointless and do not bring pleasure, drastic changes in weight, insomnia or excessive sleepiness (sometimes sleeping all day long), constant lack of energy and motivation, an excessive flow of bad, self-deprecating and reproachful thoughts is tiring, very often have suicidal thoughts, make a suicide plan, or attempt suicide. If you feel at least five of the mentioned signs, contact a specialist immediately.
In the presence of altered urine, in renal failure, with frequent recurrence of the urinary tract infections, decreased kidney function, or formations found in them.
In mild renal failure, the patient does not experience any symptoms. In the case of advanced chronic kidney failure, there is a lack of appetite, digestive disorders (nausea, nausea, vomiting), attention deficit disorder, swelling of the legs, anemia.
Acute kidney failure occurs suddenly and progresses very quickly. The disease develops due to impaired blood circulation in the kidneys, sudden loss of fluids, burns, severe food poisoning, and the use of drugs that damage the kidneys.
It can be said that yes, chronic kidney failure develops as a result of any other kidney disease.
When experiencing chronic and severe headache, dizziness, numbness, impaired coordination and orientation, memory problems, loss of muscle strength in a specific area, impaired sense of smell, taste.
A stroke is usually difficult to predict because everyone has different symptoms. For some, speech is impaired, facial symmetry changes, one side of the body weakens, and for others, dizziness, swallowing becomes difficult, and coordination suddenly deteriorates.
If you notice a sudden disturbance in speech, balance, coordination, signs of paralysis, call an ambulance immediately. If this is your relative, before going to the hospital, take copies of previous illnesses, examinations, and medications taken.
It is very important to understand what factors provoke headaches. Take enough time to rest, drink plenty of water, maintain a healthy and balanced diet, spend more time in the fresh air, exercise regularly, and get quality sleep.
The first visit should take place at the age of 18, if there are no problems. If the girl comes to the gynecologist earlier, it is necessary to be accompanied by parents or guardians.
During the visit, women can ask any questions related to complaints or general sexual health. There are no embarrassing questions, so you can ask absolutely anything you want.
This examination is carried out when a girl turns 25 years old and is repeated every 3 years. The test is aimed at detecting precancerous changes and cervical cancer.
If you have suffered an injury to your hands or feet, which is very painful, you suffer from joint pain, swelling for no reason, difficulty moving, troublesome foot problems (twisted toes, deformed nails), develop flat feet.
Unfortunately, people who start exercising irregularly or suddenly, who have never played any sport before, have a higher chance of getting injured because they do the exercises incorrectly or do not warm up before the sport.
Shoulder pain can be caused by injuries – fractures, dislocations, sprains, tendon injuries, or by inflammatory processes and chronic degenerative diseases (such as joint arthrosis, tightness syndrome, etc.).
Ankle sprains, ligament tears, small fractures and small dislocations, when the ankle bone moves slightly out of place, are treated with casts, plastic splints. These injuries usually heal completely within 3-6 weeks.
Many of them do, but the amount of ionizing radiation (otherwise known as exposure) in them is minimal and permissible, otherwise these studies would not be conducted at all. There is no exposure to ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging studies.
X-rays use very little radiation, similar to what we get from cosmic radiation, building materials, food, etc., so the test is safe and simple, and has been used in medicine for many years for diagnostic purposes.
Radiological examinations are not recommended for pregnant women, and if there is a great necessity, they are performed extremely rarely, only in special situations.
No, the test can be performed to examine the condition of abdominal, pelvic organs, thyroid, breast, cardiovascular, soft tissue diseases. This test is often performed on people who have experienced trauma or who complain of acute, persistent abdominal pain.
No special preparation is required. During these examinations, the patient is undressed halfway, and the patient must stand in front of the X-ray machine and hold his breath for a few moments while the doctor takes the pictures.
It’s a simple procedure. You will only feel a special sensory device through the skin of your body, which will be used by the doctor during the procedure. Immediately before the procedure, the skin is applied with a cooling gel.
To examine the soft tissues, abdominal area, genitals, bladder, blood vessels, breasts.
In the morning, do not eat or drink anything, do not urinate, do not smoke, come to the procedure in loose clothes.
It is a good idea to see a doctor if you experience heaviness, fatigue and swelling in your legs, frequent cramps, enlarged leg veins, temperature changes in one or both legs, and imbalance.
If you often suffer from headaches, dizziness, flickering in the eyes, short-term blindness occurs. The test is also recommended for those with high blood pressure or high cholesterol, and those with diabetes.
Gydant paprastesnes problemas, jei veninė kraujotaka sveika, operacijos nereikia – tuomet išsiplėtusius kapiliarus galima šalinti lazeriu. Sudėtingesniais atvejais operacijos gali būti atliekamos.
No, it is a disease called varicose veins. It is more common in women. During the treatment, the aim is to direct the blood to flow through other, healthy veins, and completely damaged veins must be removed.
Rehabilitation is most beneficial for patients who have suffered major injuries after accidents or other disasters. Rehabilitation procedures help the body to recover faster after diseases and operations, and improve the state of health. Complex measures are used for treatment – physiotherapy, kinesitherapy, massages.
Rehabilitation classes can help solve various body pains, strengthen muscles, and ensure a faster healing process.
It depends on the patient’s condition, the type of injury or illness.
Individual exercises are the basis for adjusting muscle balance and overcoming muscle pain. Exercise increases muscle elasticity, strengthens the ligaments around the joint, has a positive effect on the emotional state, and normalizes the nervous system.
A preventive health check-up allows the doctor to assess how your body and organs function, assess whether the blood is in good condition, detect various diseases or disorders, and prevent their progression.
We recommend visiting your family doctor at least once a year.
Yes, effective. Chronic diseases can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition, full of vitamins and minerals, fresh air, frequent ventilation of rooms, physical activity and, of course, preventive visits to the doctor and adherence to prescribed treatment.
The earlier the cancer is diagnosed, the more likely it is to be successfully treated. Pre-neoplastic changes in organs usually do not cause any symptoms, so it is important to check your health in time.
We advise you to take blood tests in the morning – from 8 to 11 am. It is important to wake up completely before the examination, give yourself at least 1 hour. to do so.
8-12 hours before blood tests are recommended. (depends on the nature of the research) not to eat and do not drink unless your doctor allows it – this is a general principle that applies to all patients.
Sports and smoking are not allowed, as this can distort the results of the tests. You can brush your teeth.
If you want to receive a certificate of incapacity for work, health certificate, pregnancy and maternity leave certificates, health check for work.
A preventive health check-up for work is usually carried out every 2 years.
In the medical card, the doctor and the workplace fill in the entries. It is stored for 15 years from the last visit to the doctor.